Polar Bear Facts
The polar bear has lived in the cold regions of the earth for thousands of years. More recently, as the polar caps melt and they are losing their habitat, they have become the symbol for global warming.
Fun Polar Bear Facts for Kids
- You will find polar bears in the Arctic.
- A group of polar bears are called a pack of Sleuth.
- Polar bears do not hibernate.
- They like to hunt and eat seals
- They have a very strong sense of smell and can sniff out a sealed then from 20 miles away.
- In 2008 they were listed as an endangered species by the US.
- Their paws are covered with fur which prevents them from slipping on the snow and ice.
- Their sharp claws also help them grip the ice.
- The biggest or largest polar bear on record was discovered in 1960 in Alaska weighing in at 1002 kg.
- They have 42 teeth which helps them when catching food.
- The maximum speed a polar bear can run at his 40 km an hour.
- A thick layer of blubber keeps them warm when they go for a swim.
- They can swim at 6.2 miles per hour.
- It is reported that they regularly swim over 30 miles.
- Polar bears are found in several different countries around the Arctic Circle Canada, United States, Norway, Russia and Greenland.
- Polar bears are known for their beautiful pure white fur and are also known by the names sea bear or ice bear.
- Polar bears are the largest predator on land and they live in a variety of areas: Alaska (in the U.S.), the Arctic, Russia, Canada, Denmark (Greenland) and Norway. Due to overhunting, all of these countries have either banned hunting all together, or established preset laws as to the quantity of polar bears that can be hunted and the land boundaries.
- It is believed that there are between 25,000-40,000 polar bears in the Arctic.
Polar bears are big. The male can be ten feet tall and weigh in at over 1,400 lbs. and females can be seven feet tall and weigh in at 650 lbs.
How long to Polar Bears Live
Polar bears in the wild can live as long as twenty five years.
Females being to have babies at the age of four or five years. The female will dig a hole in a large snow drift or find a cave to deliver her two ‘cubs’. The family remains in the shelter through the entire winter and will emerge in the spring.
Polar bear cubs are born at nearing one pound and are about the size of a rat. With the right diet, the polar bear cub can grow to the full size of a man within a year.
Polar bear females need to eat a lot of food to store the fat that will be needed when they are in their dens for the whole winter, raising their babies. They will not come out and the fat is needed for both their own and the babies’ survival.
The color of a polar bear’s fur is deceiving. We may think it is white, but it isn’t. Each of the hairs of their fur is actually a hollow clear tube. We see it as white because of the reflection of the light. The design of the fur traps the infrared heat of the sun and keeps the bear warm.
The fur of the polar bear is actually water repellant with a natural oil. When the fur is wet it doesn’t ‘mat’ and this allows the polar bear to shake excess water off easily.