There are two different types of gorillas, eastern gorillas, and western gorillas. The eastern species split into lowland gorillas and mountain gorillas whilst the Western species split into Cross River gorillas and Western lowland gorillas.
Where do Gorillas Live?
You will find lowland gorillas in the forests in both Western and Central Africa. Angola, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, the Central African Republic, Gabor and the Democratic Republic of Congo. mountain gorillas can be found in the mountainous areas of Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda.
What Does A Gorilla Eat
Gorillas are herbivores so mainly eat vegetation (plants and fruit). Gorillas in captivity will eat apples, bananas, and Guava. Whilst, in the wild they can eat about 100 types of fruit from different types of plants found in their habitat.
Western gorillas tend to eat a high-fiber diet which includes stems, flowers, fruits, foliages, and even some insects.
Eastern gorillas because they live in the mountains and sometimes at high altitude the availability of fruits is not the same as some of their counterparts in lowland areas. They will mainly eat lots of foliage.
Not Meat Eaters
Gorillas are not meat eaters so you will not find them eating any type of meat whatsoever. However, they are known to eat invertebrates like ants, termites, and centipedes.
Why Are Gorillas Endangered
Mountain gorillas are mainly endangered with a falling population due to habitat loss. They mainly live on plants, bamboo, and foliage. Because of human encroachment into forest areas and lands being cleared for a growing human population the habitat area of the mountain gorilla is becoming less and less.
Diseases can also have a devastating impact on mountain gorillas. Any exposure to a human illness can be devastating to the entire gorilla population. Because they mainly live in groups simple disease that humans can cope easily with can be devastating to a gorilla.
Why Do Gorillas Hate Rain
Gorillas are not natural swimmers and tend to keep away from lakes and rivers. However, they do like to play around with water at times. If it starts to rain they just sit and wait for this to finish, if a shelter is close by they will stay in the shelter until the rain passes.
Why Do Gorillas Have Big Nostrils
Western lowland gorilla has a much wider skull than some other species. This might be an explanation as to why they have big nostrils but maybe this could be down to evolution. One thing we do know is that gorillas also have a unique nose print (just like fingerprints on a human).
Why Do Gorillas Walk On Their Knuckles
Gorillas arms are much longer than their legs, this is why they walk around on all fours also called knuckle-walking. It helps to support their weight. They mainly put most of the weight on the third and fourth digit of their curled hands.
How Big are Gorillas
Male gorillas can grow to 6 feet tall from toe to head and weigh around 400 pounds. Females gorillas grow to 4 ½ feet tall and weigh around 200 pounds. Gorillas are the largest living primates with a DNA of 98% that is similar to that of humans.
Gorillas display behavior that is very close to humans. Each gorilla has their own personalities, just like people.
Can Gorillas Learn Sign Language
Gorillas are incredibly intelligent. They have been taught to communicate with people through sign language and will bond with humans in captivity, displaying affection and loss if they aren’t around those that they care for.
Facts about Gorillas
Gorillas, bonobos and chimpanzees are listed as ‘African apes’. Chimpanzees and gorillas developed the ability to walk on all four legs and make use of their knuckles to carry the weight of their torso and head.
- Gorillas display behavior that is very close to humans. Each gorilla has their own personalities, just like people.
- There are two gorilla species and each specie has two sub-species. The Western Gorilla has the sub-species of Western Lowland Gorilla and Cross River Gorilla. The Eastern Gorilla has the two sub-species of Eastern Lowland Gorilla and Mountain Gorilla.
- All of the gorilla species and sub-species are endangered. This is due to the loss of their habitat as well as hunting. The Cross River Gorilla has become one of the rare species with only around three hundred individuals left in the wild in Cameroon and Nigeria.
- Gorillas display emotion such as grief or happiness.
- Gorillas have a very well ordered society. They are very social animals with one adult male, called the ‘silverback’ that is in control. A silver stripe of fur down his back shows that he is a fully mature adult. Their group may have many females with both infants and juveniles, but when a male gorilla reaches the age of between 8 and 11 years, they will leave the group to go out and form a new group of their own.
- Gorillas live in their family groups and usually only take up a small area of land. It is not uncommon to see multiple groups living in the same areas and existing peacefully together.
- Gorillas use grooming as a way to bond together. They have a specific order and will show respect and affection through grooming.
- The gorilla basically eats plants and is listed as an herbivore. Their diet is made up of stems, leaves, shoots and some fruits. Sometimes they will eat small insects such as caterpillars, grubs, ants, termites and snails.
- They have also been observed using tools to perform tasks and access food.
- A female gorillas will maintain the same nine month pregnancy time as a human and their babies usually weigh around four pounds when born. Although smaller than a human baby, they develop twice as fast as human infants.