The human brain is one of the most powerful organs in the body.
It allows us to think, store memories, analyze and make judgments while at the same time it controls other areas automatically, such as breathing.
The human brain has been listed as the ‘original computer’ and has evolved over time in both size and complexity.
Brain Facts for Kids The human brain weighs 3 pounds and is made up of 60% fat. The brain on average makes up 2% of the human’s body weight. The brain consists of the cerebrum, the brainstem, and the cerebellum.
Most scientists still don’t understand how the brain works, although they understand small parts of it.
Parts of the Brain
The brain is made up of three different parts the cerebrum, cerebellum, and brainstem
The cerebrum: this is responsible for a number of things like speech, motion, it also controls movement and learning it’s the largest part of the brain.
The cerebellum: this sits just under the cerebrum as you can see in the diagram below its main function is for helping with muscle movements making sure you sit up straight and your posture is also responsible for balance.
The brainstem: plays a really important function by connecting the cerebrum and cerebellum to your spinal cord. It automatically looks after many of our bodies function like body temperature, digestion, heart rate and even things like sneezing and coughing.
Right Brain Left Brain Explanation
The cerebrum is split into two sections the left hemisphere and the right hemisphere.
Both of these are connected by tiny little fibers called corpus callosum to help send signals from one side of your brain to the other.
The funny thing is that the left side of the brain controls the right side of your body and the right side of the brain controls the left side of the body.
Scientists don’t completely understand why each side controls the opposite side of the body.
The left hemisphere of the brain controls the right side of the body and the right hemisphere of the brain controls the left side of the body.
In 1960 Roger W. Sperry (who is also a Nobel prize winner) from Connecticut in the USA conducted research and came to the conclusion that the left brain is very good with analytical and verbal tasks and the right brain can be very good at reading/writing and music.
Lobes Of The Brain And Their Functions
The cerebrum is also split into four lobes and these are called frontal, parietal, occipital and temporal.
Each one is responsible for the different functions that we use in our everyday lives.
You must also understand that each of these lobs doesn’t work alone and require each other to help. Let’s have a look and see what each of these do.
The Frontal lobe controls very important cognitive skills
- reading and writing
The Parietal lobe helps with sensory information
- helps to interpret words and language
- helps us to interpret signals from our eyes and ears
The Occipital Lobe
- helps us to interpret input from the retina of the eye
- this is helpful for light, color, and movement
The Temporal Lobe
- understanding language
Keeping The Brain Active
Keep the brain active making sure you get enough sleep at night time.
Staying physically active and making sure not to smoke.
Alcohol can inhibit brain activity so make sure this is limited.
Ensuring you are eating a balanced diet and keeping away from saturated fats.
Many people also believe that having good social connections, conversation and reading can also really helped with brain activity.
Everyone at some stage will have a “senior moment” where we can forget simple little things or even things like people’s names.
Memory lapses can happen at any age and it’s not always down to a decline in memory as we sometimes see in older people.
Creative Side Of The Brain
The left side of the brain is the creative side.
To improve you need a creative hobby such as playing the piano, storytelling can also enhance the creative side of your brain.
Many people find things like drawing and being able to relax and think can really help to bring out the more creative side they may already have.
Traveling and seeing other cultures and basically taking yourself out of your normal day-to-day life and out of your comfort zone and immersing in other cultures can also enhance your creative side.
Allowing your mind to wander and think writing down ideas development and further can really help to get your creative juices flowing.
Many artists and musicians, for example, enjoy some of the finer things in life that help them to be more creative.
There are a number of diseases that can affect the brain.
These can cause some or total limitations and can affect the brain as well as other parts of the body.
Some of these diseases include Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, and multiple sclerosis.
Scientists have tried to study the brains of those people that were geniuses and passed away to see if there is anything specific that gave them their talents.
Einstein was one of the geniuses of the twentieth century. He approved for his brain to be removed after his death and used for the study.
Many sections of his brain were shared with scientific groups around the world.
Fun Brain Facts for kids
- The brain is the center of our nervous system, allowing us to control movements, thoughts and decisions.
- The human brain has become more complicated with evolution, giving human beings abilities that are not available in other mammals.
- There are billions of cells in the brain that send and receive information throughout the body.
- Compared to other mammals of similar body size, the human brain is over three times larger.
- The skull or cranium protects the brain and is made up of 22 bones that are all joined together.
- When a baby is born, the upper part of the skull called the ‘sagittal suture’ is not fused or joined. This is to allow a baby the flexibility of birth. The area slowly fuses or closes with age.
- The human brain only makes up about 2% of the weight of the body, it averages at around three pounds (1.5 kg) in an adult.
- The brain is in constant use and needs about 20% of the energy as compared to the rest of the body.
- Our brain is actually suspended in a protective fluid called the Cerebrospinal fluid. It acts as both a protection when we move around or due to impact as well as a barrier to keep infections out.
- A stroke is where a blood clot has formed in the brain and it blocks the blood flow and supply to specific areas of the brain. This can cause damage to brain tissue and a number of symptoms to other areas of the body.