Afghanistan Facts for Kids

  • Afghanistan is a country with many cultures and ethnic.
  • It has a population of 34 million people (34,124,811).
  • The total land area of Afghanistan is 652,230 sq km.
  • Afghanistan is a landlocked country that shares border with six other countries, which are Iran, Pakistan, Tajikistan, china, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan.

  • This means it is a land surrounded by other lands and no water boundaries.
  • The largest city is Kabul which is also the capital city.
  • The official language is Pashto; while you can have several languages like Dari (persian), Turkic Languages, balochi and pashai.
  • Afghanistan gained independent on August 19, 1919 from the British and because of that; national holiday is on August 19.


  • The New Year is celebrated on 21st March and they call it “Nawroz”. This is a gathering of Afghans from across the country to the city of Mazar-e-sharif.
  • In the center of the city stands a mosque known as the blue mosque or the shrine of Hazrat Ali.
  • The longest river in Afghanistan is the Helmand River.
  • Afghanistan is a Muslim country with 99% of its people being muslim while the 1% being Hindus, Sikhs and Jew.
  • Among the Muslims, you have 80% Sunni Muslim, 19% Shia Muslim and 1% others.
  • There is literally only one Jew living in Afghanistan, his name is Zablon Simintov. He is a carpet trader.

  • Afghan rugs are very popular around the world.
  • Afghanistan follows the Islamic law that means Friday is known as an only day for prayer.
  • The people of Afghanistan are called Afghans and the money used is called Afghanis.
  • Agriculture is the way Afghans make most of their money, but they also have crude oil and natural gas.
  • The major exports of Afghanistan are Opium, fruits and nuts, wool, cotton, hides and pelts, hand-woven carpets and precious and semi-precious gems while the imports are machinery and other capital goods, food, textiles and petroleum products.
  • The land has many resources including the vibrant blue stone called lapis lazuli, the same stone which has been used to beautify the tomb of the Egyptian king Tutankhamen.
  • Not many go to school in Afghanistan, as the country is not known for caring too much about Human development.
  • Only about 28.1% of age 15 and above of the population educated in Afghanistan that means 71.9% of the adults can neither read a book or can write properly
  • Human beings have been living in Afghanistan for at least 50,000years
  • The city of Heat was captured by Alexander the Great in 300BC (before Christ) and he built its ancient citadel.
  • The world’s first oil paintings were drawn in the caves of “Bamiyan” in 650BC

  • The national game of Afghanistan is called Buzkashi (Goat-grabbing)
  • Afghans are known poetry lovers and they celebrate poetry night on Thursdays in the city of Herat.
  • Before Islam, Buddhism and Zoroastrianism were the main religions. Two of the world’s largest Buddhas were built in Afghanistan before being destroyed by the Taliban in 2001
  • Afghanistan is the birth place of Zoroastrianism
  • The national language of Afghanistan is Pashto but 35% of the population speaks Pashto while 50% speak Dari(Persian).
  • Bringing a gift while visiting an afghan is seen as respectful especially when invited for tea or food.
  • Food is served on the floor, on clothes from various materials; with the food shared from the same plate.
  • When eating, it is expected of you to sit in a respectful position with your feet not facing people or your leg outstretched.
  • Women are respected in Afghanistan and are not allowed to talk the men except they are related or married
  • NATO installed its first complete air traffic capability in a non-NATO country in the Kandahar airfield which was once the busiest single runway in the world when it handled 1,700 to 5,000 flight a week.
  • Afghanistan is the 40th most populous country in the world and is home to a lot of historical sites.
  • Headscarves for women are advisable. Women must always wear clothes that honor their modesty and are not revealing, tight western clothes are not welcomed in the society; most especially in the rural areas.
  • A handshake is the usual form of greeting in Afghanistan’s culture, some people also place their hand on their heart and nod slightly to show respect to the visitor/acquaintance or friend. But a handshake between man and woman is to avoided except she is a member of your family.
  • Hindu Kush is an 800-km long mountain range that extends connecting the central Afghanistan & the northern Pakistan that rises over 18,000 feet, it is in Afghanistan.